Colebrook Center Historic District

Streetscape of Colebrook Road, Westside; Source: NRIS 91000953.
Historic/Common Name:
Colebrook Historic District No. 1, Colebrook Center National Register Historic District
Town:
Colebrook »
Year of Establishment:
1963
Historic Designation:
LHD, NRHD, SR
District Authority:
Historic District Commission, Colebrook
Nature of Authority:
Regulatory
District Character:
Town Center/ Green
Eligible for Historic Home tax credits:
Yes
General description:

The Colebrook Center Historic District encompasses the main village of the Town of Colebrook, which is located in northwestern Connecticut. Situated in a small valley surrounded by wooded hills, it consists of an isolated cluster of historic residential, commercial, and institutional buildings and sites dating from 1767 to about 1920. Except for the intrusion of paved roads and automobiles, the center has changed very little since the mid-nineteenth century. From the south the Greek Revival style Colebrook Congregational Church dominates the historic townscape, overlooking a small Town Green, a colonnaded general store, and large white houses, many with white picket fences and period outbuildings. Even the Town Hall is located in an early nineteenth-century building, the Colebrook Inn, also the home of the Colebrook Historical Society; the fire department is next door in a former outbuilding. [NR]

Significance of the district:

Architecture:A superior example of an isolated rural village in the Litchfield hills which flourished in the first half of the nineteenth century, the Colebrook Center Historic District is distinguished for the exceptional integrity of its setting and the state of preservation of its resources. It is architecturally significant for the excellent design and craftsmanship of its classical architecture of the Federal and Greek Revival styles, a period authenticity which is reinforced by the group of less formal vernacular houses in the eastern part of the district. The Colebrook Center Historic District appears today as an idealized early-nineteenth century Connecticut hill town. Rarely does a district convey such a sense of time and place or have such a limited degree of modern intrusion. Revealed to its fullest extant in winter and enhanced by snow cover, the picturesque townscape proclaims its period associations. [NR]

District Boundary:

The district boundaries were drawn to encompass the Colebrook Town Center during the period of significance of the district, as described in the district ordinance. It includes all the historic resources associated with the development of this institutional center. The district is set off physically by modern development to the southeast and open land and woodland to its other boundaries. Center Brook forms part of the boundary on the northwest.

Features:

Buildings, Town Green, Cemetery, Vacant lots

Use:

Residential; Agriculture- animal facility; Commercial/ Trade- General Store; Religious

Architectural Style:

Colonial, Early Republic/ Federal, Mid-19th Century/ Greek Revival

Era:
18th Century, 19th Century, 20th Century (Period of significance: 1767 - c. 1920)
Sources:

[1] District information retrieved from the town website http://www.townofcolebrook.org/.
[2] Colebrook Historic Study Committee Report, 1962, SHPO Library, Hartford.
[3] List of properties, name, district map, assessors information and Parcel IDs obtained from the National Register nomination.
[NR] Cunningham Jan, Colebrook Center Historic District, National Register Nomination Number- 91000953 NRIS, National Park Service, 1991 - http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/91000953.pdf; http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Photos/91000953.pdf.

Notes:

The Colebrook Center National Register Historic District expands upon the exiting historic district, established pursuant to state enabling legislation, to contain 63 contributing and non-contributing resources. [NR]

Links:
Map:

Map of the National Register Historic district which expands over the local historic district, NRIS 91000953.

View photo
Disclaimer:

The street addresses and the parcels IDs of the designated properties have been obtained from the National Register historic district nomination which expands over the already existing local historic district. For an up-to-date complete list of properties, the user is urged to contact the respective Historic District Commission.

Date of Compilation:
12/31/11
Compiler:
Manjusha Patnaik, CT Trust for Historic Preservation