Historic District Number 16

Aerial view of the district showing the properties along Factory- Washinee Street; Source- Bing
Historic/Common Name:
Factory Street Historic District
Town:
Salisbury »
Year of Establishment:
1992
Historic Designation:
LHD, SR
District Authority:
Salisbury Historic District Commission
Nature of Authority:
Regulatory
District Character:
Industrial Neighborhood
Eligible for Historic Home tax credits:
Yes
General description:

Though it is set in a bucolic landscape of fields and hills, distant from any major urban center, Salisbury- Connecticut's early history revolved around local history. Indeed, the discovery of iron ore in the region in the eighteenth century, coupled with abundant water-power to drive forges and furnaces, lured many of the first settlers and entrepreneurs. Within just a few decades, several proto-industrial centers appeared. Equally important were the activities which sprouted along Wachoastinook Brook as it flowed down the slopes of Mount Riga towards Salisbury Center, paralleling present Factory Street. For nearly two centuries, forges, gristmills, woolen factories, sawmills, and even a hattery utilized the abundant water power to produce a myriad of products ranging from gun barrels and flour, to bicycles and fabrics. Though the forges are vanished now, and most of the industrial sites long-abandoned, a tremendous legacy of historic buildings remains, documenting the dramatic changes this district has experienced. [2]

Significance of the district:

The buildings in the district represent the early history of water-powered industry in the area. Salisbury has always recognized the importance of its industrial roots. The factory neighborhood is viewed as an important part of the town character and should be preserved. [2]

District Boundary:

The district is comprised of fourteen properties which were part of the early industrial development along Wachocastinook Brook, as described in the district ordinance. Factory Street parallels the brook and gently winds uphill from the center of the Village of Salisbury. The buildings are situated near the road, close together. Their arrangement clearly shows a milling community dating from the days of water power. [2]

Features:

Buildings, Open space

Use:

Residential, Industrial

Architectural Style:

Federal, Vernacular, Queen Anne, Italianate

Era:
18th Century, 19th Century, 20th Century
Sources:

[1] District information retrieved from the town website http://salisburyct.us/.
[2] Factory Street Historic District, Report of the Historic District Study Committee, 1991, SHPO Library, Hartford.
[3] Assessors information and Parcel IDs retrieved from the study report, SHPO Library, Hartford.

Notes:

None

Links:
Map:

Map of the historic district retrieved from the study report, 1991, SHPO library, Hartford.

View photo
Disclaimer:

The names and the parcels IDs of the designated properties have been retrieved from the historic district study report, 1991, with the corresponding street addresses noted from the list of historic properties provided by the HDC. For further information on the district, the user is urged to contact the respective Historic District Commission.

Date of Compilation:
12/31/11
Compiler:
Manjusha Patnaik, CT Trust for Historic Preservation