Skinner Hammond House

View of Skinner Hammond House; Source - Google
Historic/Common Name:
None
Address:
765 Hartford Turnpike
Town:
Vernon »
Year:
c. 1790, c. 1830 and c. 1890
Historic Designation:
LHP, SR
Property Authority:
Vernon Historic Properties Commission
Nature of Authority:
Regulatory
Eligible for Historic Home tax credits:
Yes
General description:

The Skinner-Hammond House is located in the historical central village of the town of Vernon known as Vernon Center. The land on which the house is sited was drawn by Thomas Pitkin, one of the original proprietors of Bolton, in the second division of Bolton in 1722. The present structure probably dates from about 1790 and was built by Reuben Skinner. Whether remnants of an earlier structure remain within the house is not determined but the character and the significance of the present building derive from the c 1790 period. The Country Palladian was the house type preferred by prosperous post-Revolutionary merchants and professionals of the Connecticut Valley. The presence of such a house in the rural town of Vernon is an indication of the socio-economic status of the Skinner family. The house far surpasses in grandeur any of the houses which remain from this period in Vernon. The Skinner-Hammond house is a primary document in the post-Revolutionary architectural renaissance of the Connecticut Valley, and evidence of the vigor and broad diffusion of the movement.

Significance of the property:

The architectural significance of the Skinner-Hammond House lies in its distinctive combination of materials, construction methods, and decorative features or details, alluding to it major periods of construction and reconstruction, c.1790, c.1830 and c.1890. As such, the house documents regional construction techniques of the eighteenth and nineteenth century as well as the history of its Vernon Center neighborhood. Its connection to the work of Elisha Scott is significant for its potential to illuminate the post-revolutionary period in Connecticut's architectural history. [2]

Relationship with the Surroundings:

Located at the intersection of Hartford Turnpike and Dart Road in the village center, the property is surrounded by mixed uses (municipal, institutional and residential). Vernon Center Middle School is located towards the immediate north of the property.

Features:
Building
Historic Use:
The house has served successively as the home of one of the 108 freemen who founded the town of Vernon, as tavern and public meeting place for residents and travelers during the heyday of turnpike travel, and as the home of a prosperous Vernon family who were pioneers in the establishment of the nineteenth century Rockville woolen industry.
Present Use:
Residence
Architectural Style:
Adam style farmhouse
Era:
18th Century
Ownership:
Private
Owner:
Marple Thomas & Dorothy M
Sources:

[1] Property information retrieved from the town of Fairfield website http://www.vernon-ct.gov/.
[2]Skinner Hammond House, Report of the Vernon Historic Properties Study Committee, 1989, SHPO Library, Hartford.
Assessor and GIS information retrieved from the website http://gis.vernon-ct.gov/newviewer/.

Map:

Map of the local historic property retrieved from the draft report of the Vernon Historic Properties Study Committee, 2006, SHPO Library, Hartford.

View photo
Date of Compilation:
11/15/2011
Compiler:
Manjusha Patnaik, CT Trust for Historic Preservation