South Killingly Historic District

View of South Killingly Cemetery; Source - Google
Historic/Common Name:
None
Town:
Killingly »
Year of Establishment:
2005
Historic Designation:
LHD, SR
District Authority:
Killingly Historic District Commission
Nature of Authority:
Regulatory
District Character:
Village Center
Eligible for Historic Home tax credits:
Yes
General description:

Located at the intersection of Halls Hill Road and Cook Hill Road, South Killingly is unique among Killingly village centers by the absence of an anchoring mill. South Killingly is the Town's best remaining example of the small villages that sprang up around the society meetinghouse in the 18th and early 19th centuries. This area was originally part of the Owaneco Purchase and was initially owned and settled by inhabitants of Plainfield in the second third of the 18th century. Small farms dominated the area with its largest settlement being a cluster of half a dozen buildings and houses located around the 1837 meetinghouse. The Separatist congregation was organized in 1746. Because of its location along the Providence to Hartford highway, the village included a tavern and village store. The viability of the settlement was eclipsed by the development of the mill villages and the coming of the railroad to the western side of the Town in 1839. Many significant buildings of the 18th and 19th centuries still survive in the area. The Congregational Church and the Highland Grange are two of the surviving buildings. The district school house that stood west of the Church was demolished in the late 1950's and the old tavern has been gone for years. Included in the history of South Killingly is also evidence that a number of local residents were involved in the abolitionist movement. Documents dating back to the 1830's list at least 19 individuals from South Killingly who attended an abolitionist convention in New London. Other documentation also shows that Almond Ames, a previous owner of the Spaulding House was secretary of the local anti-slavery society. Several other previous property owners of homes in the district are listed among those who were sympathetic and directly involved in the abolitionist movement that ultimately brought slavery to an end in the United States. [2]

Significance of the district:

Architecture, Social history

District Boundary:

The property includes nine properties along the following major roads- Cook Hill Road, Halls Hill Road, Snake Meadow Road, as described in the ordinance. Starting on the north side of Halls Hill Road at the southwest corner of the South Killingly Congregational Church then heading northerly along the boundaries of the church and the South Killingly Cemetery. At the northwestern boundary of the cemetery running easterly to Cook Hill Road and along Cook Hill Road northerly to the intersection of Twewilleger Road. Said boundary will run along Terwilleger Road and the northern property line and then the eastern property line of the J.D. Rood House. The district will continue to run south encompassing properties along Cook Hill Road to the point that it reaches the Gaston-Hovey House. At the point it reaches this property the district will again take an easterly heading along the northern boundary of the Gaston-Hovey property until the eastern boundary of the Day House is reached. The district boundary will then turn south to Rote 6 and run along Route 6 to the intersection of Cook Hill Road. The district will run across Route 6 to the west side of Snake Meadow Road. then turning westerly along the southern boundary for approximately 125 feet and running northerly back across Route 6 to the north side of Halls Hill Road. The final boundary line will run along the north side of Hall Hill Road westerly to the point of beginning. [2]

Features:

Buildings, Open Space, Cemetery

Use:

Residential, Religious, Burial

Architectural Style:

Greek Revival, Colonial, Vernacular

Era:
18th Century, 19th Century
Sources:

[1] Historic District information retrieved from the town website http://www.killingly.org/.
[2] South Killingly Historic District, Historic District Study Committee Report, 2005, SHPO Library, Hartford.
[3] Assessors information and Parcel IDs retrieved from the Historic District Report.
[4] GIS information retrieved from the website http://www.caigisonline.net/killinglyct/.

Notes:

None

Links:
Map:

Map of the historic district retrieved from the study report, 2005, SHPO library, Hartford.

View photo
Disclaimer:

The street addresses and the parcels IDs of the designated properties have been retrieved from the report of the Historic District Commission, 2005, SHPO library, Hartford. For further information on the district, the user is urged to contact the respective Historic District Commission.

Date of Compilation:
12/31/11
Compiler:
Manjusha Patnaik, CT Trust for Historic Preservation