Stone Road Historic Trail

Aerial View of Stone Road; Source- Bing.
Historic/Common Name:
Stone Road
Address:
_ Stone Road
Town:
Killingly »
Year:
c. 1714
Historic Designation:
LHP, SR
Property Authority:
Historic District Commission
Nature of Authority:
Regulatory
Eligible for Historic Home tax credits:
Yes
General description:

Stone Road, approximately one mile in length, is a thru-street connection Putnam Road and North Road. Currently, the unimproved road is lined with many mature trees and scattered stone walls. The condition of such walls vary along the length of the road. Daniels's Village is on the National Register of Historic places as an archaeological site, as most of what remains from the village are archaeological remains. Stone Road's historical importance is evident by reviewing the development that has occurred within the area throughout history. The road has been maintained and is till utilized today, providing historical continuity of the Daniel's Village.

Significance of the property:

Daniel's village contains a well preserved 19th century mill village archeological site. According to research presented by Albert Bartovics, the portions of the road date back to c. 1714. This portion of Stone Road was constructed to connect Putnam Heights (Killingly Hill) with the meeting house. The second phase of the road was cut circa 1744. The purpose of the road was to provide access from the newly constructed relocated grist mill to the original 1714 portion of Stone Road. Development within the village dates back to the mid 1720's, at which time the grist mill, one of the earliest developed in Killingly was constructed. Between the mid 1700's to the early 1800's, the village began to grow (a grist mill and dam- c. 1774, the saw mill - c, 1760, the cider-press, c. 1770; a tan yard and bark house, c. 1775). Most of the development of the village occurred after the Killingly Manufacturing Company established operation at the site in 1814. By 1825 two operational mills existed at the site, one of which was the fourth largest mills in Killingly, and one of the first Cotton Mills in Connecticut. In 1845, after the property was purchased by the Daniel's family, the village became known as Daniel's Village. In 1861, the factory building burned and thus marked the decline of the village.

Relationship with the Surroundings:

Boundary description of Stone Road: Beginning at a point in the southerly line of Stone Road and the easterly line of Putnam Road; thence on an easterly direction along said southerly line of Stone Road a distance of 7100 feet more or less to a point on the westerly line of River Road; thence in a northerly direction along Stone Road to a point in the northerly line of Stone Road; thence in a westerly direction along said northerly line of Stone Road a distance of 7100 feet more or less to a point in the easterly line of Putnam Road; thence in a southerly direction along said Stone Road to the point and place of beginning.

Features:
Original Grist Mill, Second Grist Mill and Dwelling, Sam Mill, Water Works and Dwelling, Tanning Yard and Dwelling, Talbut's Mills District School, Grow Dwelling House, Factory Village Buildings, Ballard Homestead, Pineville Factory, Robinson Homestead.
Historic Use:
Transportation - Road
Present Use:
Transportation - Road
Architectural Style:
_
Era:
18th Century
Ownership:
Public
Owner:
_
Sources:

[1] Historic Property information retrieved from the town website http://www.killingly.org/.
[2] Stone Road, Killingly, Historic District Study Committee Report, SHPO Library, Hartford.

Map:

Map of the historic property retrieved from the study report, SHPO library, Hartford.

View photo
Date of Compilation:
12/31/11
Compiler:
Manjusha Patnaik, CT Trust for Historic Preservation