Talcottville Historic District

View of the iron truss bridge, Talcottville Historic District; Source- NRIS 88002959
Historic/Common Name:
Talcottville National Register Historic District
Town:
Vernon »
Year of Establishment:
2005
Historic Designation:
LHD, NRHD, SR
District Authority:
Vernon Historic District Commission
Nature of Authority:
Regulatory
District Character:
Industrial Community
Eligible for Historic Home tax credits:
Yes
General description:

The Talcottville Historic District is located in the southwest corner of Vernon, Connecticut, and it consists of about 92 acres of land. The village of Talcottville is set on a plateau slightly above the western plain at the confluence of the Tankerhoosen and Hockanum Rivers. The Tankerhoosen River bisects the northern portion of the Talcottville Historic District, flowing westerly from Dobson Road and the Talcottville Gorge through the mill pond to the property of Cuno, Inc., and Hartford Turnpike. The land rises steadily from the village main street to the railroad right-of-way on the eastern edge of the district. The village street pattern is a simple T, consisting of two streets, with Main Street running from south-to-north, terminating in a cul-de-sac on the north shore of the Tankerhoosen Pond, and Elm Hill Road running from west-to-east uphill to, and across, the railroad right-of-way. The Talcottville Historic District, including the village, the mill pond and the iron bridge, the Talcottville Gorge, dam and headrace, and the Mount Hope Cemetery, is representative of both nineteenth-century architecture and industrial community development. The Talcottville Historic District is remarkable for its integrity of design, setting, feeling, and association, which convey the image of a small manufacturing village. [NR and 2]

Significance of the district:

Architecture, Archeology (historic- non-aboriginal), Industry, Industry, Social History, Community Planning & Development:Talcottville is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a nineteenth century factory village. The Talcottville Historic District encompasses the site of an early cotton-spinning factory and is associated with John Warburton and Peter Dobson, pioneers of the cotton manufacturing industry in Connecticut. The early development of the manufacturing village is reflected in the Greek Revival style of the majority of the residential buildings. The maturation of industrial development and the social organization of the village through the second half of the nineteenth century may be traced through the buildings added by the Talcott brothers, who bought the village in 1854. The village contains a representative collection of residential and public buildings, as well as an exemplary mill building. Among these are significant examples of the Greek Revival, Italianate, Romanesque Revival and Colonial Revival styles as well as excellent vernacular examples of Greek Revival and late-nineteenth century workers' housing. Because the Talcott family continued to hold the entire village land, mill, houses, and public facilities for nearly a century, Talcottville has survived as a rare example of a nineteenth century New England planned industrial community. [NR]

District Boundary:

The district includes properties along the Main Street and Elm Hill Road, including the mill pond, iron bridge and Mount Hope Cemetery; as described in the district ordinance.

Features:

Buildings, Open spaces, Cemetery, Bridge

Use:

Residential, Manufacturing, Religious

Architectural Style:

Federal, Colonial Revival, Greek Revival, Italianate, Other ( truss bridge)

Era:
19th Century, 20th Century
Sources:

[1] District information retrieved from the town website http://www.vernon-ct.gov/.
[2] Village of Talcottville Historic District, Final Report of Vernon Historic District Study Committee, 2005, SHPO Library, Hartford.
[3] Assessors information and Parcel IDs retrieved from the website http://gis.vernon-ct.gov/newviewer/.
[NR] Abbott S. Ardis and Hurd Robert B., Talcottville Historic District, National Register Nomination Number- 88002959 NRIS, National Park Service, 1989 - http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/88002959.pdf; http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Photos/88002959.pdf.

Notes:

Talcottville local historic district and the National Register historic district appear to be similar in extent but not exactly the same.

Links:
Map:

Talcottville Historic District map obtained from the Final Report of Vernon Historic District Study Committee, 2005, SHPO Library, Hartford.

View photo
Disclaimer:

The street addresses designated properties have has been obtained from the Final Report of Vernon Historic District Study Committee, 2005, SHPO Library, Hartford. For further information, the user is urged to contact the respective Historic District Commission.

Date of Compilation:
11/15/11
Compiler:
Manjusha Patnaik, CT Trust for Historic Preservation