Unionville Historic District

Documentary c.1900 photo of Tunxis Hose Company Firehouse; Source- NRIS 83001266
Historic/Common Name:
None
Town:
Farmington »
Year of Establishment:
2008
Notes on Establishment:
CCT approved in 2007
Historic Designation:
LHD, SR
District Authority:
Unionville Historic District Commission
Nature of Authority:
Regulatory
District Character:
Village Center
Eligible for Historic Home tax credits:
Yes
General description:

The Unionville Historic District runs laterally along the north side of Farmington Avenue, encompassing small enclaves that represent 19th and early 20th century housing, recreational facilities, a cemetery and a firehouse. The district is located north of Route 4 (Farmington Avenue), between the junctions with Route 167 (West Avon Road) and Route 177 (Lovely Street). It lies in the heart of what was once a vibrant manufacturing community, beginning in the early 19th century with a sawmill, gristmill and woolen mill on Roaring Brook, a waterway which runs south through Lion's Park, along Cottage Street and into the Farmington River. The original Tunxis Hose Firehouse, a Queen Anne brick structure, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRIS 83001266). [2]

Significance of the district:

The Unionville Historic District is important as a microcosm of the town's vitality as a 19th and early 20th century manufacturing center. During this period, Unionville businesses thrived, using the power of the Farmington River to run mill and operate a canal network. The house on Cottage Street are remnants of the optimistic residential building that grew out of this economic vitality, and the parks, cemetery and firehouses are vestiges of the recreation and services that manufacturers and private associations provided for the workers. All buildings possess integrity and the parks, now owned by the town, are maintained carefully. [2]

District Boundary:

The historic district runs along Cottage Street, encompassing buildings numbered 38, 42, 43, 45, 48 and 62. At the north end of the street, the district encompasses Lion's Park (lot 8A) and north and south of that, Suburban Park (lot 45), the canal bed (lot 62) and Brooks Common (lot 6C). From the western boundaries of these two parks, the district runs further west to encompass Hillside Cemetery (lot 99), the corner of Farmington Avenue and Lovely Street (lot 2), and Tunxis Hose Firehouse (lot 3). The district ends at Route 177 (Lovely Street).

Features:

Buildings, Open spaces, Parks, Cemetery

Use:

Residential, Recreational, Burial

Architectural Style:

Stick Style, Vernacular, Cape, Colonial Revival, Queen Anne, Gothic

Era:
19th Century, 20th Century
Sources:

[1] District information retrieved from the town website http://www.farmington-ct.org/.
[2] Unionville Historic District Study Report, 2007, SHPO Library, Hartford.
[3] Assessors information and Parcel IDs retrieved from the website http://www.farmington-ct.org/landrecords/search.php.

Notes:

None

Links:
Map:

Map of the historic district retrieved from the Historic District Commission.

View PDF
Disclaimer:

The street addresses and the lot numbers of the designated properties have been obtained from the Unionville Historic District Study Committee Report, 2007, SHPO Library, Hartford. For further information on the district, the user is urged to contact the respective Historic District Commission.

Date of Compilation:
12/31/11
Compiler:
Manjusha Patnaik, CT Trust for Historic Preservation