Woodstock Hill Historic District

View of Woodstock Hill Burial Ground, established in 1686 is the oldest burial ground in the Town of Woodstock; Source- NRIS 98001578.
Historic/Common Name:
Woodstock Hill National Register Historic District
Town:
Woodstock »
Year of Establishment:
1995
Historic Designation:
LHD, NRHD, SR
District Authority:
Historic District Commission
Nature of Authority:
Regulatory
District Character:
Town Center/ Town Green
Eligible for Historic Home tax credits:
Yes
General description:

Woodstock Hill Historic District is located in the south-central portion of the town of Woodstock. It is a town-center village of more than 65 properties extending along Route 169 on a ridge in the south-central section of Woodstock, Connecticut. The settlement has a central north-south spine, formed by Plaine Hill Road and Route 169, from which a number of side streets extend at odd angles. The center of the Woodstock Hill Historic District is defined by a small level, open area known as the Woodstock Common, on the east side of Route 169 between the 1821 Congregational meetinghouse and the 1873 Woodstock Academy building. Immediately to the east of the Common is the Woodstock Hill Burial Ground, a small cemetery established in 1686, which contains numerous examples of 18th and 19th-century gravestone carvings. The Woodstock Hill Historic District's historic buildings are generally well-preserved, with appropriate siding material, sash, and brick or stone chimneys. Not many have been substantially altered, and few buildings are of modern construction. [NR & 2]

Significance of the district:

Architecture, Exploration/Settlement, Social History:The Woodstock Hill Historic District is significant for its historical associations with institutions and people important in the development of the area as a town center; for the architectural qualities of its buildings, many of which represent well-preserved examples of particular periods and styles of architecture; and for the landscape qualities of its common, a small ornamented park that was created by a local philanthropist in the spirit of the village improvement movement. Woodstock Hill was the location of the town's first Congregational church, burying ground, and common. Here were held the religious services, town meetings, and militia-company drills that formed the basis of community life in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Later, other institutions were established in the village on the hill, notably the town's academy, a public library, the Grange hall, and a building for town offices. The Woodstock Hill Historic District also includes numerous historic houses associated with prominent Woodstock families, such as that of Henry Bowen, who was responsible for such civic endeavors as the 1873 Woodstock Academy building and the transformation of part of the common into a small park-like village green. The Woodstock Hill Historic District's many well-preserved dwellings and barns from the 18th and 19th centuries, along with its churches, halls, cemetery, and the Common itself, all combine to make Woodstock Hill a unique village in the northeastern Connecticut countryside. [NR]

District Boundary:

The district stretches along the north-south ridge of Plaine Hill for approximately one mile, encompassing all the properties bordering on the Woodstock Hill Common, and extending north to North Running Brook, west beyond Pulpit and Eliot Rocks on Old Hall Road and Pulpit Rock Road to a section of the historic Connecticut Path, east to Roxbury Road, and south to the Mill River; as described in the district ordinance. [2]

Features:

The Woodstock Hill Historic District includes 49 Houses, 21 Barns, 16 Garages & Carriage House, 2 Churches, 1 Grange Hall, 1 Auditorium and Office Building (formerly Town Hall), 2 Commercial Buildings, 1 Post Office, 2 Village Commons, 1 Cemetery, 14 Miscellaneous Outbuildings (including 2 old Post Offices), and 2 Historic Boulders. [2]

Use:

Residential, Commercial, Agricultural, Religious, Public Buildings

Architectural Style:

Vernacular Colonial, Federal, Greek Revival, Gothic Revival, Italianate

Era:
18th Century, 19th Century, 20th Century
Sources:

[1] District information retrieved from the town website http://www.townofwoodstock.com/.
[2] Inventory of Properties, Woodstock Hill Historic District Study Report, The Woodstock Hill Study Group and The Woodstock Historic Districts Study Committee, 1995, SHPO Library, Hartford.
[3] GIS District map retrieved from the website http://wincog-gis.org/.
[4] Assessors information and Parcel IDs retrieved from [2].
[NR] Clouette Bruce and Tinh Hoang, Woodstock Hill Historic District, National Register Nomination Number- 98001578 NRIS, National Park Service, 1998 - http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/98001578.pdf; http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Photos/98001578.pdf.

Notes:

The boundary of the National Register district embraces nearly the same properties as that of the Woodstock Hill local historic district. [NR]

Links:
Map:

Town map of Woodstock showing the local historic district and other historic properties of the town, Source- Town Website.

View PDF
Disclaimer:

The parcels IDs and the street addresses of the designated properties have been obtained from the Woodstock Hill Study Group and The Woodstock Historic Districts Study Committee, 1995, SHPO Library, Hartford. For an up-to-date complete list of properties, the user is urged to contact the respective Historic District Commission.

Date of Compilation:
10/31/11
Compiler:
Manjusha Patnaik, CT Trust for Historic Preservation